History Of Satellite Radio

To know the History Of Satellite Radio, we should track the history of the three companies which are in fact the only companies in the world that give satellite radio service. The companies are XM, Sirius and 1worldspace. XM and Sirius are now merged and they cover United Sates and Canada. 1Worldspace is covering most of Asia, the middle east and eastern and southern Africa.

XM was the first to deliver a satellite radio broadcast on 25th September 2001, and it was known as the American Mobile Radio Corporation at that time. Actually this company started in 1988, as a consortium of several organisations and was known as American Mobile Satellite Corporation, and provided satellite broadcasting of telephone, fax and data signals. In 1992 AMSC founded the American Mobile Radio Corporation to develop satellite-based digital radio service. In 1999 it came to be known as XM Satellite Radio Holdings, Inc. The FCC in 1992 established Digital Audio Radio Services (DARS), and alloted certain segments of radio frequency for satellite broadcast on radio. XM was able to buy the license for the use of these frequencies at an auction, for a sum of $93 million. XM Radio then in 2001 launched its two broadcasting satellites called “Rock” and “Roll”. Initially their service was available in Dallas/Ft.Worth and San Diego. XM service was available nationwide two months later, with an initial line up of 100 channels.

Sirius Satellite Radio started of as CD Radio in 1990. It made an initial offering of stock to the public, on the NASDAQ in 1994 and raised $7.5 million. Along with XM, Sirius also got its license in 1992, by paying a sum of $89 million. In July 2000 Sirius launched its first satellite from the Soviet facility in Kazakhstan. Totally it launched three satellites, and the last one successfully entered orbit in December 2000. Sirius was able to start its services in february 2002 in Denver, Houston, Phoenix and Jackson, Miss. The summer of 2002, Sirius was able to launch its services for the full of mainland United States.

On 29th July 2008, these two giant companies merged, and came to be known as Sirius XM Radio, Inc. From November 2008 they have started broadcasting combined channel lineups, but the radio devices available in the market are still different, and you cannot receive the XM broadcast on a Sirius radio unit and vice-versa.

1worldspace has 170,000 subscribers, of which 96% is coming from India. This company came into the limelight in 2000, when it showed an interest in investing in areas that were impoverished. It did not show any interest in starting broadcast in south American and Caribbean regions. It had a 62 channel line up of which 38 were third-party content and the remaining was produced by themselves. This company did not do well at all and has filed for bankruptcy in 2008.

The History Of Satellite Radio shows that only the American companies have fared well and are still managing to provide quality entertainment to its subscribers.